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ExecuteScalar


This method is used to execute a raw-SQL directly towards the database. It returns the value of the first-row’s first-column from any kind of resultsets. This method supports all types of RDMBS data providers.

Code Snippets

Below is a code that gets the server date time from the database.

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    var serverDateTime = connection.ExecuteScalar<DateTime>("SELECT GETUTCDATE();");
}

Passing of Parameters

You can pass a parameter via the following objects.

  • Dynamic
  • ExpandoObject
  • Dictionary<string, object>
  • QueryField/QueryGroup

Dynamic

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    var count = connection.ExecuteScalar<int>("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM [dbo].[Person] WHERE DateInsertedUtc <= @DateInsertedUtc;", new { DateInsertedUtc = DateTime.UtcNow });
}

ExpandoObject

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    var param = new ExpandoObject() as IDictionary<string, object>;
    param.Add("DateInsertedUtc", DateTime.UtcNow);
    var count = connection.ExecuteScalar<int>("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM [dbo].[Person] WHERE DateInsertedUtc <= @DateInsertedUtc;", param);
}

Dictionary<string, object>

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    var param = new Dictionary<string, object>
    {
        { "DateInsertedUtc", DateTime.UtcNow }
    };
    var count = connection.ExecuteScalar<int>("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM [dbo].[Person] WHERE DateInsertedUtc <= @DateInsertedUtc;", param);
}

QueryField/QueryGroup

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    var param = new []
    {
        new QueryField("DateInsertedUtc", DateTime.UtcNow)
    };
    var count = connection.ExecuteScalar<int>("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM [dbo].[Person] WHERE DateInsertedUtc <= @DateInsertedUtc;", param);
}

Or via QueryGroup.

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    var param = new QueryGroup(new []
    {
        new QueryField("DateInsertedUtc", DateTime.UtcNow)
    )};
    var count = connection.ExecuteScalar<int>("SELECT COUNT(*) FROM [dbo].[Person] WHERE DateInsertedUtc <= @DateInsertedUtc;", param);
}

Array Parameters (for the IN keyword)

You can pass an array of values if you are using the IN keyword.

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    var param = new
    {
        Keys = new [] { 10045, 10102, 11004 }
    };
    var count = connection.ExecuteScalar<double>("SELECT SUM(NetWorth) FROM [dbo].[Person] WHERE Id IN (@Keys);", param);
}

You can also use the types defined at the Passing of Parameters section when passing a parameter.

Executing a StoredProcedure

There are 2 ways of executing a stored procedure. First, simply pass the name of the stored procedure and set the command type to CommandType.StoredProcedure.

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    var count = connection.ExecuteScalar<DateTime>("[dbo].[sp_GetServerDateTime]", commandType: CommandType.StoredProcedure);
}

Or, simply use the native SQL calls like below.

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
{
    var count = connection.ExecuteScalar<DateTime>("EXEC [dbo].[sp_GetServerDateTime];");
}

Notice in the second call, there is semi-colon at the end of the command text and the command type was not set.