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This enum is used to define the command text to use when executing the BinaryBulkMerge operation. It is only used for PostgreSQL RDBMS.

Enum Values

  • InsertAndUpdate - an explicit INSERT and UPDATE commands will be used during the operation. It is the legacy UPSERT operation. (This is the default value)
  • OnConflictDoUpdate - an existing ON CONFLICT DO UPDATE command will be used during the operation. By using this value, it requires that every entity only targets a single row from the underlying table, otherwise, an exception will be thrown. To ensure that the operation is targetting the correct row, we highly recommend to always pass the value of the primary column from your entities. If the ‘qualifiers’ argument is used, ensures that every qualifier field being in-used is present from the table indexes, otherwise, a unique or exclusion constraint exception will be thrown. (The exceptions thrown are default from PostgreSQL)


Let us say, you would like to merge a big dataset into the database and you prefer to use the ON CONFLICT DO UPDATE merge command of PostgreSQL. Simply pass OnConflictDoUpdate value on the mergeCommandType argument. See below.

using (var connection = new NpgsqlConnection(connectionString))
    var people = GetPeople(1000);
    var insertedRows = connection.BinaryBulkInsert(people,
        mergeCommandType: BulkImportMergeCommandType.OnConflictDoUpdate);

By default, the InsertAndUpdate is used. An explicit calls to the UPDATE and INSERT commands of the underlying database (PostgreSQL) are used when merging the information towards the target table. The execution is under a single transaction context.