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This is used as a field on the query expression that supports two direction (input/output) via ParamDirection enumeration of the System.Data namespace. It inherits and works like the QueryField class, however, it was extended to be capable of receiving an output data from the database after the execution.


This can be very useful if you would like to execute and retrieve an output from an existing stored procedure from the database.

Let us say, you have the stored procedure below.

CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[sp_Multiply]
    @Value1 DOUBLE
    , @Value2 DOUBLE
    , @Output DOUBLE OUT
    SET @Output = @Value1 * @Value2;

Then, you can call it like below.

using (var connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
    var output = new DirectionalQueryField("Output", typeof(double), ParamDirection.Output);
    var param = new []
        new QueryField("Value1", 100),
        new QueryField("Value2", 200),
    var result = connection.ExecuteNonQuery("sp_Multiply", param, commandType: CommandType.StoredProcedure);
    // Use the 'output' here like below
    var value = output.GetValue<double>(); // Or, you can also access the parameter itself like `output.Parameter.Value`

Notice, in the second parameter, you pass an instance of .NET CLR Type, this define the type of the parameter from the database.

If you are passing a value to the input/output parameters, you can simply pass the value in the overloaded constructor. By this time, you are not required to pass the type of the parameter as the library will identify the parameter type based from the passed value.

var output = new DirectionalQueryField("Output", "Whatever", ParamDirection.InputOutput); // Type is TEXT
var output = new DirectionalQueryField("Output", 100, ParamDirection.InputOutput); // Type is INT

If you are calling the ExecuteReader operation, please be noted that the output parameter is only set once the instance of the DbDataReader is disposed. This is a default behaviour of the ADO.NET.

For more information, please visit its base object QueryField.